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Wire Fraud

Wire fraud (18 U.S.C. '1343) is the twin sister of the mail fraud statute. The government must still prove a scheme to defraud but, instead of proving that the mails were used the government must establish that there was a wire communication, for example, a telephone call, text or email used for the purpose of executing the scheme.

Mail and wire fraud both fall under the same sections of the United States Sentencing Guidelines and the majority of case law in the United States interpreting one statute is generally applicable to the other. Like mail fraud, wire fraud is one of the favorite tools of prosecutors, used as a catch-all to indict individuals when other federal statutes are unlikely to work.

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